A novel method of drug administration to multiple zebrafish (Danio rerio) and the quantification of withdrawal

  • Title: A novel method of drug administration to multiple zebrafish (Danio rerio) and the quantification of withdrawal
    Author: Holcombe, Adam; Schalomon, Melike; Hamilton, Trevor
    Year: 2014
    Keyword(s): neuroscience, zebrafish, ethanol, anxiety, pharmacology, fish
    Description: Anxiety testing in zebrafish is often studied in combination with the application of pharmacological substances. In these studies, fish are routinely netted and transported between home aquaria and dosing tanks. In order to enhance the ease of compound administration, a novel method for transferring fish between tanks for drug administration was developed. Inserts that are designed for spawning were used to transfer groups of fish into the drug solution, allowing accurate dosing of all fish in the group. This increases the precision and efficiency of dosing, which becomes very important in long schedules of repeated drug administration. We implemented this procedure for use in a study examining the behavior of zebrafish in the light/dark test after administering ethanol with differing 21 day schedules. In fish exposed to daily-moderate amounts of alcohol there was a significant difference in location preference after 2 days of withdrawal when compared to the control group. However, a significant difference in location preference in a group exposed to weekly-binge administration was not observed. This protocol can be generalized for use with all types of compounds that are water-soluble and may be used in any situation when the behavior of fish during or after long schedules of drug administration is being examined. The light/dark test is also a valuable method of assessing withdrawal-induced changes in anxiety.
    Peer Reviewed: Yes
    Type of Item: Journal Articles
    DOI: 10.3791/51851
    Publication Information: Holcombe, A., Schalomon, M., Hamilton, T. J. (2012). A novel method of drug administration to multiple zebrafish (Danio rerio) and the quantification of withdrawal. Journal of Visualized Experiments, (93), 1-7. doi:10.3791/51851
    Language: English

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