Browsing by Author "Curren, Robert"
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- ItemIntelligence, creativity and personality differences between individuals who vary in self-reported lucid dream frequency(1983) Gackenbach, Jayne; Curren, Robert; LaBerge, Stephen; Davidson, Douglas; Maxwell, PamelaWell—educated, predominately white adults with incomes averaging $20,000 a year (males 81; females 102) responded to a two—phase mail survey project due to their interest in dream lucidity. Intellectual, creative and personality differences between individuals who differed in the frequency with which they reported spontaneously experiencing this type of dream were the focus of this inquiry. Four scales (i.e., verbal, numerical, spatial, and perceptual completion) from the Comprehensive Ability Battery (CM) were used to assess intellectual differences. The Remote Associations Test (RAT) and four scores (i.e., fluency, flexibility, originality and elaboration) from the Torrance Test of Creative Thinking (TTCT) constituted the creativity measures. Personality characteristics assessed included: masculinity, femininity, and androgyny scores from the Personal Attributes Questionnaire (PAQ), public and private self— consciousness and social anxiety from the Self—Consciousness Scale (SCS) and internal and external risk from the Dane Risk Scale (DRS).
- ItemPresleep determinants and postsleep results of lucid versus vivid dreams(1983) Gackenbach, Jayne; Curren, Robert; Cutler, G.The effects of three types of waking situational variables on the emergence of awareness of dreaming while dreaming or dream lucidity as well as the relative waking effects of having had this dream, experience were considered in the present inquiry. That is, 320 psychology students provided dream content and pre—post sleep situational information about at least one dream over a 16— week, once weekly, data gathering period. Of the 1601 dreams collected 1252 were classified as vivid or highly recallable and 211 as verifiably lucid. Pre— and post—sleep in— non was gathered on the research participants activities; such as tests, extracurricular events, homework, work for pay and household chores; interpersonal interaction with friends, lovers, family members and coworkers; and emotions, including anxiety, hostility, happiness, pleasantness, rejection feelings, fearfulness, and arousal. Dream content information collected and analyzed herein included type of dream, amount of recall, visual perceptions, color perceptions, positive emotions, negative emotions, perceptions, voices, taste—smell perceptions, palpable sensations, control over dream content, and verbal behaviors.