Browsing by Author "Honey, P. Lynne"
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- ItemConfronting assumptions about our grandmothers' legacy and challenges faced by our female ancestors(2021) Honey, P. Lynne; Semenyna, Scott W.The article discusses the target article by T. Reynolds which articulated the tension between cooperation and competition, wherein women's social behaviors are biased toward maintaining support from friends and lovers while competing with them. Topics include sex differences associated with the formation and maintenance of friendships, long-term mating as the measure of success, and limitations of generalizing from western, educated, industrialized, rich, and democratic (WEIRD) samples.
- ItemDominance styles mediate sex differences in Dark Triad traits(2015) Semenyna, Scott W.; Honey, P. LynneWe sought to determine what styles of social dominance are associated with Dark Triad traits (i.e., narcissism, psychopathy, and Machiavellianism) and whether sex differences in Dark Triad traits are mediated by dominance styles measured by the Dominance and Prestige Scale, and the Rank Styles with Peers Questionnaire. Machiavellianism, psychopathy, and narcissism are strongly associated with dominance-striving, but only narcissism is consistently correlated with prestige-striving. Dark Triad traits are negatively correlated with coalition-building, but positively correlated with dominant leadership and ruthless self-advancement. Sex differences in Dark Triad traits were mediated by various dominance styles, but mainly by dominance-striving and ruthless self-advancement. These results suggest that particular styles of social dominance are utilized by both men and women with Dark Triad traits.
- ItemEffects of context and relative rank on mate choice and affiliation ratings(2009) Honey, P. LynneFemale dominance has not often been studied as a factor in mate choice and other social interactions. When it has been examined, there have been a number of conflicting findings. The present study was designed to clarify interpretations of a study conducted by Brown and Lewis (2004) that found that men prefer subordinate women in a workplace context. We presented participants with information about the relative rank of physically attractive targets, in two very different contexts (work-related and recreational). We found that the context in which rank cues are presented has an impact on affiliation ratings, but that cues of rank do not affect mate choice ratings. Future studies of effects of dominance must take into account the context in which they are presented, and recognize that rank may not be a sufficient indicator of dominance for the purpose of mate choice by both men and women.
- ItemEffects of ethanol consumption by adult female rats on subsequent consumption by adolescents(2004) Honey, P. Lynne; Varley, Kevin; Galef Jr, BennettWe used a two-bottle choice test to measure voluntary ethanol consumption by adolescent rats that had lived with ethanol-consuming or water-consuming adult conspecifics. We found that housing weanlings with either a virgin or a lactating adult female rat that ingested ethanol increased the weanlings' subsequent voluntary intake of ethanol when they were fluid-deprived and provided with choices between 8% ethanol solution and water for 2 h/day. Rats housed with both an ethanol-consuming virgin female and their water-consuming dam drank more ethanol than did rats housed with a dam and virgin female, both consuming water. Rats housed with an ethanol-consuming dam and ethanol consuming adult virgin did not drink more ethanol than did rats housed with an ethanol-consuming dam and a water-consuming virgin female. In sum: (1) young rats learned socially to consume ethanol. (2) Exposure to ethanol in mother's milk was not necessary for such social learning to occur, and (3) living with an ethanol-consuming unfamiliar, virgin female conspecific resulted in enhanced ethanol intake by adolescent rats, even if a water-consuming dam was also present.
- ItemEffects of feedback templates on student performance(2018) Russell, Ryley; Honey, P. LynneWe provided one of three types of feedback to students who performed poorly on short written assignments and provided an opportunity to revise and resubmit their work. Control feedback pointed out the main problems of the submission, ‘strong template’ feedback added an annotated example of a good assignment, and ‘weak template’ feedback added an annotated example of a poor assignment. “Strong” feedback led to a greater likelihood of a passing grade on resubmitted work, compared to weak or control feedback templates, but only when we accounted for student motivation. In fact, if a “less motivated” student received the strong template, they were 2.3 times more likely to be successful in their resubmission, but “more motivated” students were likely to be successful no matter what feedback they received.
- ItemEthanol consumption by rat dams during gestation, lactation and weaning increases ethanol consumption by their adolescent young(2003) Honey, P. Lynne; Galef Jr, BennettIn two experiments, we examined effects of ethanol consumption in rat dams during gestation, lactation, and weaning on voluntary ethanol consumption by their adolescent young. We found that exposure to an ethanol-ingesting dam throughout gestation, lactation, and weaning enhanced voluntary ethanol consumption by 26- to 33-day-old adolescents. We systematically examined effects on adolescent ethanol intake or requiring dams to drink ethanol during various periods in their pups' development. We found that exposure to an ethanol-consuming dam during weaning enhanced adolescent ethanol consumption and exposure to a dam drinking ethanol during either gestation or while nursing enhanced adolescents' ethanol consumption only if pups also had access to ethanol during the weaning period.
- ItemHuman preferences for sexually dimorphic faces may be evolutionarily novel(2014) Scott, Isabel; Clark, Andrew; Josephson, Steven; Boyette, Adam; Cuthill, Innes; Fried, Ruby; Gibson, Mhairi; Hewlett, Barry; Jamieson, Mark; Jankowiak, William; Honey, P. Lynne; Huang, Zejun; Liebert, Melissa; Purzycki, Benjamin; Shaver, John; Snodgrass, Josh; Sosis, Richard; Sugiyama, Lawrence; Swami, Viren; Yu, Douglas; Zhao, Yangke; Penton-Voak, IanA large literature proposes that preferences for exaggerated sex typicality in human faces (masculinity/femininity) reflect a long evolutionary history of sexual and social selection. This proposal implies that dimorphism was important to judgments of attractiveness and personality in ancestral environments. It is difficult to evaluate, however, because most available data come from large-scale, industrialized, urban populations. Here, we report the results for 12 populations with very diverse levels of economic development. Surprisingly, preferences for exaggerated sex-specific traits are only found in the novel, highly developed environments. Similarly, perceptions that masculine males look aggressive increase strongly with development and, specifically, urbanization. These data challenge the hypothesis that facial dimorphism was an important ancestral signal of heritable mate value. One possibility is that highly developed environments provide novel opportunities to discern relationships between facial traits and behavior by exposing individuals to large numbers of unfamiliar faces, revealing patterns too subtle to detect with smaller samples.
- ItemLong lasting effects of rearing by an ethanol-consuming dam on voluntary ethanol consumption by rats(2004) Honey, P. Lynne; Galef Jr, BennettFor exposure to alcohol early in life to potentiate alcohol abuse in adolescence or adulthood, consequences of early exposure to alcohol must be of considerable duration. In two experiments using Norway rats as subjects, we examined effects of exposure during weaning to a dam consuming ethanol on adolescents' later affinity for ethanol. In a preliminary experiment, we offered rat pups a choice between 8% ethanol and water for 7 days immediately after they were weaned at 26 days of age. Pups whose dam had ingested 8% ethanol for 6 days either immediately or 1 week before we weaned them drank more ethanol than pups whose dam drank only water during the same period. Independent groups of rats reared by a dam consuming 8% ethanol from postnatal days 18 to 26 and tested 1, 2, 4 or 6 weeks later all drank significantly more 8% ethanol at testing than did pups whose dam drank only water. Our data also provided confirmation of previous reports of an experience-independent greater affinity for ethanol in younger rats.
- ItemWhy I teach the controversy: using creationism to teach critical thinking(2015) Honey, P. LynneCreationism and intelligent design are terms used to describe supernatural explanations for the origin of life, and the diversity of species on this planet. Many scientists have argued that the science classroom is no place for discussion of creationism. When I began teaching I did not teach creationism, as I focused instead on my areas of expertise. Over time it became clear that students had questions about creationism, and did not understand the difference between a scientific approach to knowledge and non-scientific approaches. This led me to wonder whether ignoring supernatural views allowed them to remain as viable "alternatives" to scientific hypotheses, in the minds of students. Also, a psychology class is an ideal place to discuss not only the scientific method but also the cognitive errors associated with non-science views. I began to explain creationism in my classes, and to model the scientific thought process that leads to a rejection of creationism. My approach is consistent with research that demonstrates that teaching content alone is insufficient for students to develop critical thinking and my admittedly anecdotal experience leads me to conclude that "teaching the controversy" has benefits for science students.