Browsing Department of International Business, Marketing, Strategy and Law by Issue Date
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- ItemMicroeconomic theory and foreign policy crisis decisions: Bangla Desh, 1971(1991) Siddiqui, AsifThis study analyzes the Bangladesh Crisis by building upon previous works that have applied microeconomic theory to international relations. One of the most innovative lines of inquiry from the realist school is to study international relations through analogy with microeconomic theory. Although used to analyze conflict, war, and the workings of the international system, a strict application of microeconomic theory to interstate crises is rare. This thesis will endeavour to contribute to this linkage.
- ItemTheory of foreign policy crisis decisions: a microeconomic approach to Pakistan, India and the secession of Bangla Desh(1994) Siddiqui, AsifThis study analyzes the Bangla Desh Crisis by building upon previous works that have applied microeconomics theory to international relations.
- ItemA microeconomic approach to foreign policy crisis behaviour(1997) Siddiqui, AsifThis essay is a extension of Kenneth Walt's Theory of International Politics to the study of foreign policy behaviour.
- ItemSexual harassment law in America: thirty years of evolution(1998) Siddiqui, AsifFrom data generated in the 1988 Working Waman study, one estimate is that nearly 82 percent of the companies responding need immediate help in training their employees~either with a first time training effort or with additional effort to train supervisors and general employees. The survey showed that harassment can cost the typical Fortune 500 service or manufacturing company $6.7 million per year in absenteeism, turnover, and lost productivity associated with sexual harassment, at a cost of $282.53 per employee. These figures do not include the cost of litigation, responding to charges filed with regulatory agencies, destructive behavior or sabotage. On the other hand, the survey said that meaningful steps~such as employee training~can be undertaken for as little as $200,000, or $8.41 per employee. It is nearly "34 times [as] expensive to ignore the problem."
- ItemLabour in the third wave: the future of work in America and the world(1999) Siddiqui, AsifThis essay will examine the changes that knowledge has wrought to the labour sector in the Third Wave.
- ItemPromises made to me(2006) Thomson, Stanley BruceUniversities across the globe have marketed their institutions in nondomestic markets to tap into the lucrative international student market. Higher education is big business, but I ask, "At what cost?" International students face many hurdles when studying away from home. Lack of friends, family, and cultural support is the first step that leads to a deep sense of isolation in many students. Most of these students do find friends and a support system, but for a few, the final price is a burden too heavy to bear. This poem was written after 10 months of my own experience as an international student and talking to other students about their concerns.
- ItemA retrospective and prospective analysis of HRM research in Chinese firms: implications and directions for future study(2008) Zhu, Cherrie Jiuhua; Thomson, Stanley Bruce; Cieri, Helen DeBased on an extensive review and analysis of 182 articles published in the field of human resource management that focus on China since its economic reform, this article discusses the major reasons for the growth in this area of research. We identify five major categories spanning research and practice, ownership type, and research method. Further, we examine issues and deficiencies in the research literature. Based on our analysis of each research category, we present a substantial series of research questions and implications for future research on HRM in China.
- ItemDevolvement of HR practices in transitional economies: evidence from China(2008) Zhu, Cherrie Jiuhua; Cooper, Brian; Cieri, Helen De; Thomson, Stanley Bruce; Zhao, ShumingChina's progressive integration into the global economy has strengthened its position as a ‘magnet’ for foreign direct investment. The inevitably increased competition in the Chinese economy has led firms to adopt more market-oriented approaches to human resource management (HRM). Based on a survey of 618 managers in state-owned enterprises, domestic/private- and foreign-invested firms operating in the Jiangsu Province of China, this study investigates the extent to which HR practices have been strategically devolved to line managers, and the relationship between this devolvement and the performance of firms in China. Overall, there was little evidence of devolvement to line managers. We found no evidence of a relationship between the degree of devolvement and firm performance, although the provision of formal training to line/middle managers was predictive of performance.
- ItemAn intellectual capital perspective of human resource strategies and practices(2009) Kong, Eric; Thomson, Stanley BrucePrevious research has investigated the relationships between intellectual capital (IC) and human resource management (HRM). Others have described the link between IC and strategic initiatives in an organization including strategic human resource management (SHRM). However, little systematic work has been done to develop a holistic overview of connections between the three concepts. Through an analysis of the recent IC literature and the literature that discusses IC, SHRM and HRM, this paper argues that not only are the three concepts closely connected, but also IC should play a key role in SHRM processes and HRM practices in organizations. The strategic connections also demonstrate that IC can be conceptualized as a holistic partner to both SHRM and HRM; thus, adding strong support for the need to measure IC accurately. A theoretical framework is proposed to illustrate IC, SHRM and HRM connections. Finally, the paper suggests directions for future research.
- ItemFramework analysis: a qualitative methodology for applied policy research(2009) Thomson, Stanley Bruce; Srivastava, AashishPolicies and procedures govern organizations whether they are private or public, for-profit or not-for-profit. Review of such policies and procedures are done periodically to ensure optimum efficiency within the organization. Framework analysis is a qualitative method that is aptly suited for applied policy research. Framework analysis is better adapted to research that has specific questions, a limited time frame, a pre-designed sample and a priori issues. In the analysis, data is sifted, charted and sorted in accordance with key issues and themes using five steps: familiarization; identifying a thematic framework; indexing; charting; and mapping and interpretation. Framework analysis provides an excellent tool to assess policies and procedures from the very people that they affect.
- ItemUnderstanding donor response to donation appeals : the role of deservingness in the dictator game and optimum donation promises in charity auctions(2010) Wong, LeoMarketing research has attempted to shed light on donor responses to a variety of donation appeals and strategies. More recently, research has examined the effect of changing the content of an appeal in both a donation solicitation and a cause related marketing context. Some charities are highly successful with their marketing and fundraising strategies, while many others struggle to fund their services. This discrepancy in donor support is cause for concern from a public policy perspective, where optimizing the distribution of dollars is a key objective. Particularly in a recessionary economy, with more and more charities appealing to donors for their support, charity choice has become more crowded than ever before. The question of which charity is chosen and how much to ‘spend’ on that charity can determine which charities succeed and which ones fail, as donors become increasingly concerned with maximizing the impact of their donor dollars. I begin the dissertation with a thorough review of the relevant literature to provide a foundation and backdrop to the issues I study in two sets of studies. In the first set of studies, I examine deservingness of a recipient, where judgments are affected by the donation appeal content. Specifically, I look at how recipient information profiles can affect donor response. In the second set of studies, I examine donor response in a novel cause-related marketing format - online charity auctions – where I vary factors related to the auction products, price and the percentage of auction price that is donated to charity. These two papers contribute to the research in donor response to charity appeals by shedding light on the deliberative aspect of the decision process. Public policy and managerial implications are discussed, where an increasingly competitive environment with many comparative options are becoming standard challenges for charity fundraisers. A review of the relevant research areas for both papers precedes the studies to provide a foundation and motivation for our hypotheses and research designs.
- ItemA market segmentation approach for higher education based on rational and emotional factors(2010) Angulo-Ruiz, Fernando; Pergelova, Albena; Rialp, JosepMarket segmentation is an important topic for higher education administrators and researchers. For segmenting the higher education market, we have to understand what factors are important for high school students in selecting a university. Extant literature has probed the importance of rational factors such as teaching staff, campus facilities, and quality of education. Less attention has been devoted to the relevance of emotional factors such as personal values. The aim of this paper is to suggest a segmentation approach based on integrating rational and emotional factors that prospective students value when selecting a university. We gather information from 21 focus groups and develop a survey applied to a sample of high school students. We find six segments characterized by distinct rational and emotional underlying factors that lead to a particular composition for each segment. The factors discussed in this research can be used as a guide for higher education managers to develop segmentation and communication plans.
- ItemStigma theory and religion in the workplace(2010) Thomson, Stanley BruceThe application stigma theory provides significant insights into the strategies used to manage one's own religious beliefs and the beliefs of others in the workplace. Avoidance is the most common method used by participants and religious belief guided participants in their choice of jobs, the organization and their decisions to leave.
- ItemIranian corporations and corporate social responsibility: an overview to adoption of CSR themes(2011) Chapardar, Hadi; Khanlari, RaveedComparative studies have demonstrated that the themes for corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives are different among nations and geographic regions based on their cultural, political, legal, social, and economic contexts. In this research, which was conducted on 56 corporations from IMI100 (100 Iranian companies with highest annual sales, ranked by Industrial Management Institute or IMI), CSR themes in priority have been identified. Data collected from a semistructured questionnaire and some complementary interviews were analyzed against the results of a reference study over 100 companies from developed countries. The resulted themes, some of which may have several subthemes, were developed in three economic, environmental, and social categories. Beside these qualitative findings, two indices are constructed for indicating the “importance” of and “contribution” to each theme. The results and discussions are supposed to help business leaders, international companies inside Iran, governmental authorities, and researchers to improve CSR discussions and practices in the country where CSR undergoes a less structured platform.
- ItemSegmenting Chinese outbound tourists by perceived constraints(2011) Li, Mimi; Zhang, Hanqin; Mao, Iris; Deng, QianThis study examines travel constraints experienced by Chinese outbound tourists. Four constraint factors are identified from visitor data collected in 2006: structural constraint, cultural constraint, information constraint, and knowledge constraint. Information constraint is identified as a factor unique to outbound tourists from China. Among the four constraint factors, structural constraint is the most dominant. Four clusters of visitors are therefore identified: culturally constrained, structurally constrained, absence of sufficient information, and knowledge constrained. The four clusters are distinct in terms of their destination loyalty. The characteristics of each segment are given, and the practical implications of the findings are discussed.
- ItemFamily values: Canadian problems, South Asian solutions?(2011) Siddiqui, AsifOverview: 1. Background to Paper; 2. Importance of Family in Canada; 3. Caveats about Families; 4. Families circa 1960’s; 5. Changes and Developments; 6. Families in 21st Century; 7. South Asian Immigration and Family; 8. John Berry’s Acculturation Framework; 9. Evolutionary Model of Social Change; 10. Nancy Fraser: Universal Breadwinner vs. Universal Care-giver; 11. Individual Human Rights vs. Collective Good.
- ItemQualitative research: validity(2011) Thomson, Stanley BruceWith the increased interest in qualitative research some questions have arisen regarding methodological issues. In particular sample size and validity are the most often queried aspects of qualitative research. This paper aims to provide a review of the concepts of validity in qualitative research.
- ItemExtending the investment development path model to include the human environment factor(2011) Zhu, Cherrie Jiuhua; Thomson, Stanley Bruce; Hutchings, Kate; Cieri, Helen DeThis article aims to address Dunning's call to include the 'human environment' (HE) as a new trend and trajectory for research in international business (IB). Dunning argues that the most important driver for economic advancement is knowledge, which arises from the HE. We extend Dunning's IB theory of the five stages of a country's investment development path (IDP) to include the HE factor. Further, we use China as an example in which to examine the role of human resource management (HRM). We identify and analyze an important link between foreign direct investment, multinational enterprises, and both domestic and global HRM.
- ItemSinophobia as corporate tactic and the response of host communities(2011) Nyland, Chris; Forbes-Mewett, Helen; Thomson, Stanley BruceChina's State Council has charged that in 2009 BHP Billiton inflamed Australians' fear of “Chinese colour” in order to undermine Chinalco's (Aluminium Corporation of China) effort to increase its share of the Rio Tinto company. Though unproven, this is a serious charge and the more so because it suggests there is a risk that in the future firms challenged by Chinese competitors may emulate the alleged practice. Given this possibility, anti-racists require a sophisticated understanding of how firms might incorporate Sinophobia into their business strategies and how Chinese foreign direct investment is viewed by national and local communities. To further this response, we review the literature on the use of racism as a corporate tactic, discuss the Chinalco-BHP struggle, and provide a study of how one community reacted when offered the chance to host a large Chinese investment.
- ItemEmployer attitudes towards social insurance compliance in Shanghai, China(2011) Nyland, Chris; Thomson, Stanley Bruce; Zhu, Cherrie JiuhuaManaging employer social insurance compliance is a particularly difficult governance challenge in emerging economies that have weak regulatory regimes. Utilizing qualitative evidence from eight case studies conducted in Shanghai, the People’s Republic of China, this article details how employers respond to attempts by the State to manage social insurance behaviour. Five concerns arose from employers’ perceptions and responses to the established policies and regulatory structures: construction of an effective policy, level playing field, cost control, firm reputation, and recruitment and retention. Further, the findings indicate that there are three enterprise features that could affect compliance behaviour: risk factors, skill composition of the workforce, and form of ownership. It was anticipated that firm size may affect compliance behaviour, but no clear pattern emerged