Nursing - Student Works

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    Perceptions of clients about healthcare professionals (HCP) who have visible body art: a scoping review of the literature
    (2022) Graff, Sheri; Wildeman, Amy; Reisdorfer, Emilene
    In healthcare, appearance plays a significant role in a patient's first impression of a healthcare worker's competence, compassion, performance, and quality of care. Given that nurses are an essential part of the patient care team, it is imperative for nurses and other healthcare providers to recognize the use of personal expressions such as tattoos while still being able to achieve therapeutic relationships with clients. This scoping review aims to answer the following question: What is known from the existing literature about clients' perceptions about healthcare professionals who have visible body art? Keywords included terms related to body art, healthcare professionals, and to perceptions and understanding. A total of 435 studies published until January 2022 were identified, of which 8 met the inclusion criteria. Out of eight studies included in this review, six identified that body art is negatively associated with patient care, and two found there is no impact on body art and patient perceptions. Additionally, results show that clients attribute a higher degree of professionalism to HCP without visible body art. Finally, some studies indicate that female HCP with visible tattoos were perceived as being less professional than their male counterparts. It is essential to understand patient perceptions of healthcare professionals with and without body art and determine if appearances can alter the relationship between patient and provider.
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    Stereotypes and microaggressions: racist subtleties in the healthcare setting
    (2021) Sohanpal, Amrita
    Racism in the clinical setting is a complex, and often overlooked, reality that affects minority patients' health in varying degrees. From blatant bigotry to elusive forms of prejudice, clinicians can exhibit personal biases that often result in dire consequences for the patient. This paper explores some of the subtler forms of discrimination experienced by patients of colour, namely, stereotypes and microaggressions. Clinical examples of these phenomena are discussed, along with possible solutions, directed towards both clinicians and patients, that can lead to improved health outcomes of racial minorities in the healthcare environment.
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    Exploring mental health disorders and creativity
    (2020) Silverstone, Olivia
    The cognitive issues that occur in most individuals who have mental health illnesses are well recognized. However, it is increasingly recognized that in a few individuals the presence of a mental health illness is closely connected with significant artistic originality and success. This has been seen in painting, music, and other arts, and it appears increasingly likely that the mental health illness is a pre-requisite to these individuals, such as Van Gogh, reaching such extraordinary artistic heights.
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    Blended learning across the nursing lifespan
    (2018) Tougas, Sarah; Berga, Keri-Ann
    Blended learning (BL) uses a combination of online and face-to-face instruction, with a reduction in face-to-face contact time. BL is intended to mitigate some of the challenges associated with online-only instruction, such as a lack of personalization, while improving flexibility when compared to face-to-face instruction. As the demographics of nurses and nursing students change, it is essential that nursing education is able to meet their needs. The purpose of this literature review is to examine the literature available on the use of BL as an instructional method for undergraduate, masters, and doctoral nursing programs as well as continued education of Registered Nurses (RNs) throughout their career. The results suggest that BL is at least as effective as traditional delivery methods and may offer additional advantages such as increased satisfaction and critical thinking for students. More rigorous research of BL in the field of nursing is required to further explore the effects.
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    Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS)
    (2018) Khaira, Jasmine; Carlson, Susan
    One of the biggest upcoming health concern that will be seen with legalizing marijuana is CHS. Chronic use of marijuana leads to CHS, which is “characterized by cyclical vomiting and compulsive bathing behaviors in chronic cannabis users” (Alberta Health Services, n.d.). Marijuana affects the brain and body leading to short-term, long-term health and mental health effects such as confusion, fatigue, decreased blood pressure, decreased memory and concentration, lung infections, and chronic cough (Health Canada, 2017). By legalizing marijuana health effects will be seen in the adolescent population. ”Younger persons have a higher rate of cannabis use and an increased risk for CHS (Ittner, 2016, p.3). Brian development takes place during the adolescent period and the cannabis affects brain development and function (Health Canada, 2017). Hence, legalizing marijuana indicates increased use resulting in increased health concerns such as addictions and mental health. There are currently no Alberta Health Services (AHS) patient handouts available after discharge regarding management of symptoms, prevention, and when to return to the emergency department. Staff awareness of the condition and treatment recommendations will aid in standardized and expedited care of patients.