Differential protein expression during growth on model and commercial mixtures of naphthenic acids in Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf-5

Author
McKew, B.A.
Johnson, R.
Clothier, L.
Skeels, K.
Ross, Matthew
Metodiev, M.
Frenzel, M.
Gieg, L.M.
Martin, J.W.
Hough, M.A.
Faculty Advisor
Date
2021
Keywords
naphthenic acids , oil sands process-affected water , proteomics , Pseudomonas fluorescens , tailing ponds , toxicity
Abstract (summary)
Naphthenic acids (NAs) are carboxylic acids with the formula (CnH2n+ZO2) and are among the most toxic, persistent constituents of oil sands process-affected waters (OSPW), produced during oil sands extraction. Currently, the proteins and mechanisms involved in NA biodegradation are unknown. Using LC-MS/ MS shotgun proteomics, we identified proteins overexpressed during the growth of Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf-5 on a model NA (4′-n- butylphenyl)- 4- butanoic acid (n-BPBA) and commercial NA mixture (Acros). By day 11, >95% of n-BPBA was degraded. With Acros, a 17% reduction in intensity occurred with 10–18 carbon compounds of the Z family −2 to −14 (major NA species in this mixture). A total of 554 proteins (n-BPBA) and 631 proteins (Acros) were overexpressed during growth on NAs, including several transporters (e.g., ABC transporters), suggesting a cellular protective response from NA toxicity. Several proteins associated with fatty acid, lipid, and amino acid metabolism were also overexpressed, including acyl-CoA dehydrogenase and acyl-CoA thioesterase II, which catalyze part of the fatty acid beta-oxidation pathway. Indeed, multiple enzymes involved in the fatty acid oxidation pathway were upregulated. Given the presumed structural similarity between alkyl-carboxylic acid side chains and fatty acids, we postulate that P. fluorescens Pf-5 was using existing fatty acid catabolic pathways (among others) during NA degradation.
Publication Information
McKew, B.A., Johnson, R., Clothier, L., Skeels, K., Ross, M.S., Metodiev, M., Frenzel, M., Gieg, L.M., Martin, J.W., Hough, M.A. and Whitby, C. (2021), Differential protein expression during growth on model and commercial mixtures of naphthenic acids in Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf-5. MicrobiologyOpen, 10, article e1196. https://doi.org/10.1002/mbo3.1196
DOI
Notes
Item Type
Article
Language
English
Rights
Attribution (CC BY)