Browsing by Author "Hope, Brittany V."
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- ItemSubmerged plus maze: a novel test for studying anxiety-like behaviour in fish(2019) Hope, Brittany V.; Hamilton, Trevor; Hurd, Peter L.The elevated plus maze is a prominent and well-documented test for studying anxiety in rodents. Fish are becoming more prevalent in studies of anxiety, yet the elevated plus maze has not been adapted and validated for fish. In the present study, we created an aquatic version of the elevated plus maze called the ‘submerged plus maze,’ which is shaped like a plus symbol with four arms alternating between black and transparent walls. We used convict cichlid fish (Amatitlania nigrofasciata) and administered diazepam to validate the apparatus for studying anxiety-like behaviour. After diazepam exposure, fish spent more time in and entered more open arms than after vehicle exposure, consistent with the effect of benzodiazepines on rodents in the elevated plus maze. The submerged plus maze maintains construct validity for testing anxiety in convict cichlid fish.
- ItemThe submerged plus maze as an assay for studying anxiety-like behaviour in fish(2019) Hope, Brittany V.; Hamilton, Trevor; Hurd, Peter L.The elevated plus maze is a commonly used and well-validated test of anxiety-related behaviour in rodents. The use of fish in behavioural neuroscience paradigms is increasing, necessitating an equivalent test for studying anxiety-like behaviour in fish. Because behaviour in the elevated plus maze is driven by aversion to open space, the submerged plus maze described here uses transparent walls to elicit similar behaviour in fish. The tendency of fish to explore or avoid the sections of the maze containing transparent walls is used as proxy for anxiety level. This submerged plus maze was designed and validated for convict cichlid (Amatitlania nigrofasciata) fish.