Browsing by Author "Michaud, James"
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- ItemDevelopment and validation of the Leadership Effectiveness in Africa and the Diaspora (LEAD) scale(2020) Michaud, James; Lvina, Elena; Alleyne, Alethea; Taleb, AliThis article contributes to the literature on cross-cultural leadership by describing the development and validation of the Leadership Effectiveness in Africa and the Diaspora (LEAD) Scale. The LEAD Scale is a culturally sensitive measure of leadership effectiveness in the understudied settings of Africa and the African diaspora. A combination of methods and four studies using samples from Africa and the African diaspora based in Canada, the USA, and the Caribbean were used to develop the measure. Using the grounded theory approach and the Delphi technique (n = 192), followed by a set of increasingly rigorous tests including exploratory factor analysis (n = 441), confirmatory factor analysis (n = 116), and a test of measure invariance (n =1384), we developed and validated a culturally sensitive measure of effective leadership. Our results demonstrate that spirituality, tradition and community-centredness are important and culturally specific components of leadership in Africa and the African diaspora. This paper provides a validated measure of leadership and offers recommendations regarding the use of the measure by managers and researchers working in Africa or with African diaspora.
- ItemPerceptions of leadership effectiveness among the African diaspora in Canada and USA(2018) Taleb, Ali; Galperin, Bella L.; Michaud, James; Senaji, Thomas AnyanjeThis paper investigates the applicability of leadership effectiveness factors developed in Africa to the African diaspora and compares/contrasts perceptions of effective leadership in Canada and the USA. Using quantitative data from the LEAD project, our findings suggest that the African diaspora fully relates to neither Western conceptualization nor African philosophies of leadership. The factors that achieved a good fit in both Canada and the US related to being a knowledgeable leader and effective communication skills. This paper contributes to managing a more diverse and inclusive workplace in the diaspora, and informing leadership theory and practice in Africa.