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A province under pressure: climate change policy in Alberta

dc.contributor.authorBoyd, Brendan
dc.description.abstractAlberta is responsible for over a third of Canada's greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Reducing the country's emissions requires policies and initiatives that reduce emissions in the province. Yet the study of provincial climate change policy in Canada has largely focused on lower-emitting provinces like British Columbia, Quebec and Ontario. This article argues that Alberta is best understood as a “reluctant actor” on climate change, whose policies are influenced by decisions and pressures from outside its borders. The literature on Canadian-American environmental policy making and international policy transfer are used to explore provincial GHG targets and carbon pricing policies. The article finds that Alberta's 2002 targets and Specified Gas Emitters Regulation were determined by economic competitiveness and leakage concerns, while the adoption of new GHG targets in 2008 and a carbon tax was the result of policy transfer through political bandwagoning and the desire for reputational benefits.
dc.identifier.citationBoyd, B. (2019). A province under pressure: Climate change policy in Alberta. Canadian Journal of Political Science, 52(1), 183-199. doi:
dc.rightsAll Rights Reserved
dc.subjectgreenhouse gas
dc.subjectclimate change
dc.subjectcarbon tax
dc.subjectCanadian-American environmental policy
dc.subjectcarbon pricing policies
dc.subjectGas Emitters Regulation
dc.titleA province under pressure: climate change policy in Albertaen