Las ocupaciones tempranas del valle de Acarí
South coast, Hacha, Paracas, Nasca, Acarí, cultural traditions, Peru
Archaeological research done in the valley of Acari from initial studies carried out by the members of the "fourth expedition archaeological of the University of California to Peru" discuss the dynamics of early occupation in this valley. The complex cultural development in Acari, often considered the southern end of the archeological-cultural region known as the south coast, has its roots in the site type of Hacha from the initial period. The material evidence, as well as several dated absolutes, ensure that Hacha represents a long and continuous human occupation that stretched, apparently, to the formative. Subsequently, new human settlements seem to have arisen in the vicinity of Hacha, replacing the site of Hacha. At the same time, new human settlements would have been elsewhere in the valley, which went on to form the basis for various human settlements traditionally identified as belonging to the early intermediate period. Starting with Hacha, pottery in particular exhibits a continuity, which extends until the middle of the early intermediate period, this period when it emerged extensive human settlements which highlighted by large fortifications. Based on some evidence, that still continue to be limited, it can hold that at the end of the formative Acari populations came into contact with the populations located in the valleys located more to the North, as the basin of the Rio Grande and Ica. This relationship allowed the arrival of select Northern artifacts, always in the context of a local tradition. In this way, the valley of Acari began to maintain an ongoing relationship with the diverse cultural traditions that occurred in the time and space in the above mentioned valleys. This relationship not only did Acari in the last of the southern coast in maintaining its orientation and obviously Northern Association, but such guidance continued until the time of the Inka occupation.
Presented on Aug. 9–12, 2012 at the Symposium “Paracas – Nasca: una época ‘transicional’ del formativo tardío, costa sur de los Andes Centrales” in Ica, Perú.
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