Impact of peak oxygen uptake and muscular fitness on the performance of activities of daily living in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Author
Kato, Dave
Rodgers, Wendy M.
Stickland, Michael K.
Haennel, Robert G.
Faculty Advisor
Date
2012
Keywords
activities of daily living , muscular fitness , peak oxygen uptake , chronic obstructive pulmonary disease , COPD patients , exercise rehabilitation program
Abstract (summary)
PURPOSE: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressively debilitating disease, which, over time, may compromise patient ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL). The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between selected parameters of physical fitness and performance of ADL in COPD patients. METHODS: A convenience sample of 23 COPD patients (11 men and 12 women, age 6869 years) was studied at the conclusion of an exercise rehabilitation program. Patients were assessed using the Continuous Scale Physical Functional Performance 10 Test (PFP-10) battery, chest press, leg press, and a symptom limited graded exercise test. RESULTS: The PFP-10 global score was 54 +/- 12, and 11 patients fell below a global score of 57, which has been established as the threshold for independence. Peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) was 20 +/- 4 mL[middle dot]kg21[middle dot]min21, the forced expiratory volume in 1 second/forced expiratory volume ratio was 0.58 +/- 0.12, grip strength was 61 +/- 16 kg (both hands), and chest press and leg press were 4 +/- 3 and 12 +/- 7 kg/kg body weight, respectively. The associations between the PFP-10 VO2peak and leg press were modest (r = 0.501, P = .014; and r = 0.547, P = .008) as was grip strength (r = 0.418, P = .047). There was no association between the PFP-10 and forced expiratory volume, forced expiratory volume in 1 second/forced vital capacity, or chest press (r = -20.040, P = .856; r = 20.212, P = .330; and r = 0.120, P = .595), respectively. CONCLUSION: The results of this investigation suggest that lower body strength is important in optimizing ADL performance in COPD patients.
Publication Information
Kato, David J. MA; Rodgers, Wendy M. PhD; Stickland, Michael K. PhD; Haennel, Robert G. PhD (2012)Impact of Peak Oxygen Uptake and Muscular Fitness on the Performance of Activities of Daily Living in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention: November/December 2012 - Volume 32 - Issue 6 - p 400–404 doi: 10.1097/HCR.0b013e31826ba501
DOI
Notes
Item Type
Article
Language
English
Rights
All Rights Reserved