Five year iron changes in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis deep gray matter compared to healthy controls

Author
Elkady, Ahmed M.
Cobzas, Dana
Sun, Hongfu
Seres, Peter
Blevins, Gregg
Wilman, Alan H.
Faculty Advisor
Date
2019
Keywords
relapsing-remitting , deep gray matter , R2 , quantitative susceptibility mapping , iron
Abstract (summary)
Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS) Deep Grey Matter (DGM) 5 year changes were examined using MRI measures of volume, transverse relaxation rate (R2*) and quantitative magnetic susceptibility (QS). By applying Discriminative Analysis of Regional Evolution (DARE), R2* and QS changes from iron and non-iron sources were separated. 25 RRMS and 25 age-matched control subjects were studied at baseline and 5-year follow-up. Bulk DGM mean R2* and QS of the caudate nucleus, putamen, thalamus and globus pallidus were analyzed using mixed factorial analysis (α = 0.05) with sex as a covariate, while DARE employed non-parametric analysis to study regional changes. Regression/correlation analysis was performed with disease duration and MS Severity Score (MSSS). No significant change in Extended Disability Status Score was found over 5 years (baseline = 2.4 ± 1.2; follow-up = 2.8 ± 1.3). Significant time effects were found for R2* in the caudate (Q = 0.000008; η2 = 0.36), putamen (Q = 0.0000007; η2 = 0.43), and globus pallidus (Q = 0.0000007; η2 = 0.43), while significant longitudinal effects were only found for QS in the putamen (Q = 0.002; η2 = 0.22). Significant bulk interaction was only found for thalamus volume (Q = 0.02; η2 = 0.20). Iron decrease was the only detected significant effect using DARE, and the highest significant DARE effect size was mean thalamus R2* iron decrease (Q = 0.002; η2 = 0.26). No significant correlations or regressions were demonstrated with clinical measures. Thalamic atrophy was the only bulk effect that demonstrated different rates of changes over 5 years compared to age-matched controls. DARE Iron decrease in regions of the caudate, putamen, and thalamus were prominent features in stable RRMS over 5 years.
Publication Information
Elkady AM, Cobzas D, Sun H, Seres P, Blevins G, Wilman AH. , Five year iron changes in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis deep gray matter compared to healthy controls. , Mult Scler Relat Disord. 2019 May 31;33:107-115
DOI
Notes
Item Type
Article
Language
English
Rights
All Rights Reserved