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The self-management correlates of social anxiety

Faculty Advisor




anxiety, self-management, psychology

Abstract (summary)

Self-control or self-management (Kanfer, 1970; Mezo, 2009) is composed of three interdependent constructs: self-monitoring (SM), self-evaluating (SE), and self-reinforcing (SR). To date, a self-management model for anxiety does not exist. Forty-five undergraduate students completed the Self-Control and Self-Management Scale (SCMS; Mezo, 2009), three measures of social anxiety, and a social desirability measure. As predicted, SM, SE and total SCMS scores negatively correlated with the social anxiety measures. Using a diagnostically valid cutoff score, the participants were divided into low and high anxiety groups. Independent t-tests revealed that the high anxiety group had significant deficits in overall self-management, and significant deficits in SE relative to the low anxiety group. The role of these results in the development of a self-management model for anxiety, along with limitations and possibilities for future research, are discussed.

Publication Information

Penney, A. M., & Mezo, P.G. (2012). The self-management correlates of social anxiety. In A. Durante & C. Mammoliti (Eds.) Psychology of self-control. Retrieved



Item Type

Book Chapter




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