A mixture of coalesced generalized hyperbolic distributions
clustering, coalesced distributions, convexity, finite mixture models, generalized hyperbolic distribution, mixture of mixtures, MM algorithm, multiple scaled distributions
A mixture of multiple scaled generalized hyperbolic distributions (MMSGHDs) is introduced. Then, a coalesced generalized hyperbolic distribution (CGHD) is developed by joining a generalized hyperbolic distribution with a multiple scaled generalized hyperbolic distribution. After detailing the development of the MMSGHDs, which arises via implementation of a multi-dimensional weight function, the density of the mixture of CGHDs is developed. A parameter estimation scheme is developed using the ever-expanding class of MM algorithms and the Bayesian information criterion is used for model selection. The issue of cluster convexity is examined and a special case of the MMSGHDs is developed that is guaranteed to have convex clusters. These approaches are illustrated and compared using simulated and real data. The identifiability of the MMSGHDs and the mixture of CGHDs are discussed in an appendix.
Tortora, C., Franczak, B.C., Browne, R.P., and McNicholas, P.D. (2019), ‘A mixture of coalesced generalized hyperbolic distributions’. Journal of Classification 36(1), 26-57.
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