Tall tales across time: narrative analysis of true and false allegations

Author
Peace, Kristine
Shudra, Ryan
Forrester, Deanna
Kasper, Ryan
Harder, Jeffrey
Porter, Stephen
Faculty Advisor
Date
2015
Keywords
memory , victimisation , allegations
Abstract (summary)
Little consensus exists regarding how the details of truthful and false allegations of traumatic victimisation may change over short and long time intervals, yet this cue is utilised in the assessment of witness, victim and suspect credibility. The present study involved a narrative analysis of the details written within 147 sets of allegation statements across both short-term (~3 months) and long-term (~6 months) intervals. Overall results indicated that true allegations contained more consistent details, omissions and commissions, although the rates of change over time were variable. These changes appear to result from natural variations in memory and recall over time. However, direct contradictions (inconsistent details) were more prevalent in false allegations, and these claims were more stable over time, suggesting 'script-like' processing. These results have implications for our understanding of testimonial alterations and how determinations of veracity are influenced by statement details.
Publication Information
Peace, K. A., Shudra, R. D., Forrester, D. L., Kasper, R., Harder, J., & Porter, S. (2015). Tall tales across time: Narrative analysis of true and false allegations. Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling (Special Issue: Deception Detection in Forensic Contexts), 12, 171-184. doi: 10.1002/jip.1421
DOI
Notes
Item Type
Article
Language
English
Rights
All Rights Reserved