Influence of environmental color and diurnal phase on MCH gene expression in the trout
Melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) gene expression, environmental colour
Melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) gene expression in the brain of rainbow trout, reared and maintained in either pale or black-coloured tanks, was studied using in situ hybridization histochemistry. MCH transcripts were most prevalent in the magnocellular neurones of the nucleus lateralis tuberis (NLT), which project to the pituitary gland. They were also present, although at much lower levels, in dorsally projecting parvocellular neurones, sited more posteriorly above the lateral ventricular recess (LVR). In the NLT the most intense hybridization signal was seen over the pituitary stalk; above the LVR, the most active neurones were located caudally. In both the NLT and above the LVR, MCH hybridization signal was 4-fold stronger in white-reared fish than in black-reared fish. There was also a marked diurnal variation in MCH expression in both sites, with high levels at 16.00 h and lower levels at 04.00 h. The results show that gene activity in both hormonal (NLT) and neuromodulator/neurotransmitter (LVR) MCH neurones is induced by pale environmental colour and that MCH gene activity is subject to pronounced diurnal variation.
Suzuki, M., Narnaware, Y.K., Baker, B.I. & Levy, A. (1995). Influence of environmental color and diurnal phase on MCH gene expression in the trout. Journal of Neuroendocrinology, 7(4), 319-328. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2826.1995.tb00764.x.
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