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- ItemProfessional communication in health studies(2023) Chute, Andrea; Johnston, Sharon; Pawliuk, BrandiProfessional Communication in Health Studies is an indispensable resource for students pursuing careers in healthcare. By mastering the art of professional communication in health studies, students can improve patient outcomes, foster collaborative healthcare environments, and make a positive impact on the lives of those accessing our healthcare system. This textbook covers various topics essential to professional communication, including communication theories, verbal and nonverbal communication, interpersonal skills, and intercultural communication. Additionally, it offers practical guidance on communicating with empathy, compassion, clarity, conciseness, and cultural sensitivity.
- ItemA critical hermeneutic circle to reimagine professional selfhood(2023) Maykut, Colleen; Miller, Cole; Porter, Meredith; Badu, Nikki; Barroma, Arianne; Cheung, Chanel; McLeod, Danielle; Trotter, CassidyProfessional selfhood (PSH) is the embodiment of an individual’s social location influenced by being in and with the world. PSH informs our evolving professional journey as nurses. As our journeys are never singular, community formation to support this evolution is vital. Utilizing body mapping as an aesthetic methodology was enhanced through reflexivity situated in a critical hermeneutic circle. The phenomenon of interest in the original research study of six novice nurses was how the tension between what they desire to do and what they were able to do, lived in and on their bodies. This is our story, as a community of artists and researchers, who were inspired by a Critical Hermeneutic Circle the ongoing nurturance to enter this brave space to re-imagine our evolving PSH.
- ItemMigration and maternity: Insights of context, health policy, and research evidence on experiences and outcomes from a three country preliminary study across Germany, Canada, and the United Kingdom(2013) Higginbottom, Gina; Reime, Birgit; Kuldip, Bharj; Chowbey, Punita; Ertan, Kubilay; Foster-Boucher, Caroline; Friedrich, Jule; Gerrish, Kate; Kentenich, Heribert; Mumtaz, Zubia; O'Brien, Beverley; Salway, SarahA group from Germany, Canada, and the United Kingdom undertook country-specific scoping reviews and stakeholder consultations before joining to holistically compare migration and maternity in all three countries. We examined four interlinking dimensions to understand how international migrant/minority maternal health might be improved upon using transnational research: (a) wider sociopolitical context, (b) health policy arena, (c) constellation, outcomes, and experiences of maternity services, and (d) existing research contexts. There was clear evidence that the constellation and delivery of services may undermine good experiences and outcomes. Interventions to improve access and quality of care remain small scale, short term, and lacking in rigorous evaluation.
- ItemContributions and challenges of cross-national comparative research in migration, ethnicity and health: Insights from a preliminary study of maternal health in Germany, Canada and the UK(2011) Salway, Sarah; Higginbottom, Gina; Reime, Birgit; Bharj, Kuldip K.; Chowbey, Punita; Foster-Boucher, Caroline; Friedrich, Jule; Gerrish, Kate; Mumtaz, Zubia; O’Brien, BeverleyBackground: Public health researchers are increasingly encouraged to establish international collaborations and to undertake cross-national comparative studies. To-date relatively few such studies have addressed migration, ethnicity and health, but their number is growing. While it is clear that divergent approaches to such comparative research are emerging, public health researchers have not so far given considered attention to the opportunities and challenges presented by such work. This paper contributes to this debate by drawing on the experience of a recent study focused on maternal health in Canada, Germany and the UK. Discussion: The paper highlights various ways in which cross-national comparative research can potentially enhance the rigour and utility of research into migration, ethnicity and health, including by: forcing researchers to engage in both ideological and methodological critical reflexivity; raising awareness of the socially and historically embedded nature of concepts, methods and generated ‘knowledge’; increasing appreciation of the need to situate analyses of health within the wider socio-political setting; helping researchers (and research users) to see familiar issues from new perspectives and find innovative solutions; encouraging researchers to move beyond fixed ‘groups’ and ‘categories’ to look at processes of identification, inclusion and exclusion; promoting a multi-level analysis of local, national and global influences on migrant/minority health; and enabling conceptual and methodological development through the exchange of ideas and experience between diverse research teams. At the same time, the paper alerts researchers to potential downsides, including: significant challenges to developing conceptual frameworks that are meaningful across contexts; a tendency to reify concepts and essentialise migrant/minority ‘groups’ in an effort to harmonize across countries; a danger that analyses are superficial, being restricted to independent country descriptions rather than generating integrated insights; difficulties of balancing the need for meaningful findings at country level and more holistic products; and increased logistical complexity and costs. Summary: In view of these pros and cons, the paper encourages researchers to reflect more on the rationale for, feasibility and likely contribution of proposed cross-national comparative research that engages with migration, ethnicity and health and suggests some principles that could support such reflection.
- ItemRestoring the blessings of the Morning Star: childbirth and maternal-infant health for First Nations near Edmonton, Alberta(2015) Wiebe, Adrienne Dawn; Barton, Sylvia; Auger, Laura; Pijl-Zieber, Em; Foster-Boucher, CarolineIt is not only remote Aboriginal communities in Canada that have poorer maternal-infant health status than Canadian averages; residents of First Nation communities located close to large urban centres also experience this health status gap. Alexander, Alexis, Enoch, and Paul First Nations are located within an hour of healthcare services in greater Edmonton. The narratives of 75 predominantly Cree and Stoney women from these communities were gathered through seven talking circles and five semi-structured interviews. The participants described their experiences of loss and separation as pregnancy care and childbirth moved out of the community and into the hospital over the last two generations. This shift was not only a geographic relocation; it also disconnected the childbirth experience from elders, family and community, traditional teachings, and spiritual meaning. Conversely, the participants’ hospital experiences were characterized by a limited sense of cultural safety. Participants highlighted the urgent need to reintegrate culturally based community support and health perspectives into the childbirth experience. The implementation of such a culturally integrated healthcare model in all Aboriginal communities—remote, rural, suburban, and urban—may be the key finally to closing the gap between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal maternal and infant health status in Canada.