Faculty of Nursing Works

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    'Do nurses really do that’? An exploratory study of students
    (2021) Topola, Leanne; Miller, Kathleen
    Background: Health care needs are changing, requiring nurses to assume leadership roles and engage in political activism to impact health system transformation. Nursing education socializes students to the profession, as this is where they begin to develop their professional identity. For these reasons' educators must begin to explore student perceptions of the role of the registered nurse given the emphasis on leadership and health care transformation and question if students want to assume these roles. Objectives: To identify first- and fourth-year baccalaureate nursing student perceptions of the role of the nurse and analyze their willingness to participate in roles that embody leadership and political action.
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    The essentials of nursing leadership: a systematic review of factors and educational interventions influencing nursing leadership
    (2020) Cummings, Greta G.; Lee, Sarah; Tate, Kaitlyn; Penconek, Tatiana; Micaroni, Simone P. M.; Paananen, Tanya; Chatterjee, Gargi E.
    Background: Nursing leadership plays a vital role in shaping outcomes for healthcare organizations, personnel and patients. With much of the leadership workforce set to retire in the near future, identifying factors that positively contribute to the development of leadership in nurses is of utmost importance. Objectives: To identify determining factors of nursing leadership, and the effectiveness of interventions to enhance leadership in nurses. Design: We conducted a systematic review, including a total of nine electronic databases. Data Sources: Databases included: Medline, Academic Search Premier, Embase, PsychInfo, Sociological Abstracts, ABI, CINAHL, ERIC, and Cochrane.
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    To pay or not to pay: perceptions of students’ preceptorship experience
    (2022) Raymond, Christy; Miller, Kathleen; Shelast, Yvonne; Paananen, Tanya; McIntyre, Safina
    A pilot project was initiated with a local health organization to offer all 4th year baccalaureate program students an opportunity to complete their final nurse supervised preceptorship as an undergraduate (unregulated) paid nursing employee. RESEARCH QUESTION: What are the perceived benefits and challenges for 4th year baccalaureate nursing students completing a paid preceptorship in partnership with a local health authority?
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    Refining key attributes of academic nurse educators: an integrated review
    (2022) Raymond, Christy
    Academic nurse educators are integral to the development of future nurses. Faculty shortages are necessitating more focus on key qualities, and workplace factors linked with recruitment / retention. What does research and anecdotal literature reveal about job satisfaction, burnout, leadership, recruitment, retention and the work environment of academic nurse educators from 2002-2022? An integrative review, aligned with Whittemore and Knafl was used to search applicable databases for available English articles. From 1057 articles, 52 duplicates, 885 unrelated abstracts, and 112ineligible full text articles were removed, leaving 58 included articles. Double screening with consensus was used at the full article review phase.
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    Repurposing of the PDE5 inhibitor sildenafil for treatment of persistent pulmonary hypertension in neonates
    (2021) Poitras, Erika L.; Gust, Stephen L.; Kerr, Paul; Plane, Frances
    Nitric oxide (NO), an important endogenous signaling molecule released from vascular endothelial cells and nerves, activates the enzyme soluble guanylate cyclase to catalyze the production of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) from guanosine triphosphate. cGMP, in turn, activates protein kinase G to phosphorylate a range of effector proteins in smooth muscle cells that reduce intracellular Ca2+ levels to inhibit both contractility and proliferation. The enzyme phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) curtails the actions of cGMP by hydrolyzing it into inactive 5’-GMP. Small molecule PDE5 inhibitors (PDE5is), such as sildenafil, prolong the availability of cGMP and therefore, enhance NO-mediated signaling. PDE5is are the first-line treatment for erectile dysfunction but are also now approved for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in adults. Persistent pulmonary hypertension in neonates (PPHN) is currently treated with inhaled NO, but this is an expensive option and around 1/3 of newborns are unresponsive, resulting in the need for alternative approaches. Here the development, chemistry and pharmacology of PDE5is, the use of sildenafil for erectile dysfunction and PAH, are summarized and then current evidence for the utility of further repurposing of sildenafil, as a treatment for PPHN, is critically reviewed.