Canada, aboriginal sealing, and the North Pacific Fur Seal Convention

dc.contributor.authorIrwin, Robert
dc.description.abstractThe National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has described the 1911 North Pacific Fur Seal Convention as one of the ten most important events in environmental history. Article IV of this Convention provided First Nation sealers with harvest rights provided they conducted the hunt as practiced previously, without the use of firearms and not under contract to a commercial interest. While historians have studied the diplomatic and environmental aspects of the Convention, little attention has been paid to this Aboriginal harvest privilege. Its inclusion in the fur seal treaty inadvertently contributes to the modern “ecological Indian” construction and foreshadows the current environmental crisis faced by many First Nation communities: their harvest is acceptable provided it is considered primitive or traditional and noncommercial.
dc.identifier.citationIrwin, Robert. “Canada, Aboriginal Sealing, and the North Pacific Fur Seal Convention,” Environmental History 20, no. 1 (2015): 57-82
dc.rightsAll Rights Reserved
dc.subject1911 North Pacific Fur Seal Convention
dc.subjectenvironmental history
dc.subjectFirst Nation sealers
dc.subjectAboriginal harvest privilege
dc.subjectfur seal treaty
dc.subjectenvironmental crisis
dc.subjectFirst Nation communities
dc.titleCanada, aboriginal sealing, and the North Pacific Fur Seal Convention