Learner-centred teaching in a non-learner-centred world: an interpretive phenomenological study of the lived experience of clinical nursing faculty
phenomenology, learner-centred teaching, clinical nursing faculty, pedagogy, critical-thinking
Background With the growing complexities in the contemporary health care system, there is a challenge of preparing nurses for the practice demands. To this end, learner-centred teaching has emerged in many nursing curricula in Canada and evidence indicates its effectiveness in developing the essential practice skills in nursing students. It is important to examine the experience of the clinical faculty members who implement learner-centred teaching, as doing so would provide an insight to the factors that may hinder the implementation of learner-centred teaching in the practice settings. Objective This phenomenological study aimed to address two research questions: what does learner-centred teaching mean to clinical nurse faculty? What is the lived experience of clinical nursing faculty who incorporate learner-centred teaching? Methods Ten clinical nurse faculty members who had at least two years of clinical teaching experience volunteered to participate in the study. Data were collected using a semi-structured interview guide and audio recorder. Additional data sources included a demographic survey and a reflective journal. Results Multiple sub-themes emerged from this study from which three significant themes were consolidated: diversity of meanings, facilitators of LCT, and barriers to LCT. However, an overarching theme of “learner-centred teaching in a non-learner-centred world” was coined from participants' accounts of their experiences of barriers in incorporating LCT in the practice settings. Conclusion A collaborative effort between faculty and the stakeholders is paramount to a successful implementation of learner-centred teaching in practice settings.
Oyelana, O., Martin, D., Scanlan, J., & Temple, B. (2018). Learner-centred teaching in a non-learner-centred world: An interpretive phenomenological study of the lived experience of clinical nursing faculty. Nurse Education Today, 67, 118–123. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2018.05.012
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