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Consequences of cross-cultural differences in perceived well-being for entrepreneurship

Faculty Advisor




eudaimonic, hedonic, well-being, self-expression, entrepreneurship

Abstract (summary)

In this article, we empirically test a theory-based model that delineates the indirect effect of societal-level well-being, through societal-level self-expression values, on individual entrepreneurship. Using 881,636 individual-level responses obtained from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) from 44 countries and supplementing with country-level data from the World Values Survey (WVS), our results from multilevel cross-cultural analyses demonstrate that societal-level well-being - hedonic and eudaimonic - are positively related to societal-level self-expression values, and that self-expression values mediate the relation between both types of well-being and likelihood of individuals engaging in entrepreneurship. Hence, hedonic and eudaimonic well-being are distal whereas self-expression values are more proximal influencers of individual entrepreneurship. We discuss theoretical and practical implications of our findings.

Publication Information

Pathak, S., & Muralidharan, E. (2021). Consequences of cross-cultural differences in perceived well-being for entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Research, 122: 586-592.


Item Type

Article Post-Print



Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND)

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