- ItemSeven years of accessible justice: a critical assessment of Hryniak v. Mauldin’s culture shift(2022) White, Robert McKayIn 2014, the Supreme Court of Canada sought to address the inaccessibility of public adjudication for “ordinary Canadians” by introducing a culture shift to civil litigation. This culture shift required participants in the civil justice system to stop viewing trial as the default adjudication method and expand use of summary judgment. In this article, I critically evaluate the Supreme Court’s reasoning for the culture shift from a jurisprudential perspective and quantitatively evaluate the endeavour’s success. I find that Alberta courts have misapplied the culture shift contrary to the Supreme Court’s intentions, that the culture shift is being implemented only on a limited basis, that summary judgment is no more accessible for ordinary Canadians, and that fairness and justice are not being preserved. I provide recommendations for alternate methods to address the accessibility problem.
- ItemSocial inequities and the manifestation of microaggression for First Nations students in the educational system in Canada and the role of transformational leadership(2021) Roache, Darcia; Thomson, Stanley Bruce; Marshall, JasonThis chapter explores through the context of transformational leadership, social justice and the inequities which lead to microaggressions towards First Nations students in the educational system in Canada. The chapter argues that acts of microaggression are pervasive in the Canadian education system and only serve to thwart opportunities for economic and social advancement of First Nations people. As such, the education of First Nations students’ needs to be approached through the lens of social justice. In order for social justice to be effective, it requires education leaders who are open, willing to facilitate change, and encourage those that they lead to strive for higher ideals. The chapter contends that transformational leadership and social justice approaches to education are well suited to enact change at the individual, group, and community levels in First Nations education and thwart the practice of microaggression toward this group within educational settings.
- ItemEffectiveness of human resource management practices in developing countries(2021) Thomson, Stanley Bruce; Ouedraogo, Noufou; Horbay, Matthew; Khan, Mohammad Ashiqur RahmanDunning (2006) asserted that international business research focused heavily on the physical assets of organizations and nations, thus neglecting the human environment of organizations and nations. Research has shown “the most important driver for economic advancement is knowledge” and is drawn from the human environment (Zhu et al., 2011, p. 312). The human environment is defined as the “human assets (i.e. creativity leading to innovation; experience, skills and knowledge of employees) and the skills and abilities those assets possess within a given location” (Zhu et al., 2011, p. 312).Thus, how an organization, including government, manages its human resources (HR), drawn from the human environment in which it operates, will significantly impact success or failure (Barney, 2001; Kong & Thomson, 2009).We contend that although there has been a great deal of research on human resource management (HRM) as a competitive advantage for firms, there has been little work done on the analysis of HRM practices in government and its influence on a nation’s competitive advantage. In a qualitative study of a developing nation in the Caribbean we interviewed 12 senior level employees. Our analysis revealed that little attention was paid to HRM, which resulted in the ineffectiveness of the application of government policies. The data revealed that issues started with the recruitment and selection processes. This paper focuses on the recruitment and selection processes utilized by government agencies that cause institutional voids which lead to the failure to utilize public service employees as a source of competitive advantage.
- ItemDid I offend you? I did not mean to!: dismantling microaggressions towards historically marginalized groups in education(2022) Marshall, Jason; Roache, Darcia; Thomson, Stanley Bruce“Are you sure you are from here?”; “You are well-spoken for a Black person”; “Do you speak English well?”; “Why do you talk like that?” These are some of the comments and questions that are expressed and asked by perpetrators of microaggression. At first glance, they seem harmless, even well-intentioned; however, when there is a careful examination of the word microaggression, it is recognized that these types of comments, innuendoes, and undertones are far from innocuous. The reality is that microaggressions are not as “micro” as some people believe. They send messages of intolerance to difference, ignorance, and expected conformity to social norms and rules established by majority groups.
- ItemEntrepreneurship education and its gendered effects on feasibility, desirability and intentions for technology entrepreneurship among STEM students(2023) Pergelova, Albena; Angulo-Ruiz, Fernando; Manolova, Tatiana; Yordanova, DesislavaThis study aims to examine how entrepreneurship education influences intentions for starting a technology venture among science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) students with particular attention to gender differences. This study builds on the model of entrepreneurial event and social role theory to assess the impact of entrepreneurship education on feasibility, desirability and intentions for technology entrepreneurship.