- ItemExamining antecedents of repatriates’ job engagement and its influence on turnover intention(2022) Cave, Adam H.; Roberts, Michaels; Muralidharan, EtayankaraRepatriate turnover is a key challenge for Multinational Enterprises (MNEs). While MNEs expect to retain returning employees (i.e., repatriates) and to benefit from new knowledge and experience they bring back from international assignments, a number of studies identify high rates of repatriate turnover intentions. This paper draws insights from social exchange theory and psychological contracts. By using survey data from 221 repatriates from the U.S., the paper presents an empirical study of the antecedents of repatriate turnover. Our findings demonstrate that repatriate perceptions of recognition of foreign experience, involvement, team orientation, and application of knowledge, had a significant impact on turnover intention and this impact was felt through repatriate job engagement i.e., repatriate job engagement significantly mediated the influence of recognition of foreign experience, involvement, team orientation, and application of knowledge on turnover intention. While the study findings contribute to the theoretical underpinnings of the antecedents of repatriate turnover it also informs how MNEs can apply new strategies and initiatives that heighten repatriate retention rates and prevent knowledge slippage and the loss of highly valued people soon after they return from international assignments.
- ItemConsequences of cross-cultural differences in perceived well-being for entrepreneurship(2021) Pathak, Saurav; Muralidharan, EtayankaraIn this article, we empirically test a theory-based model that delineates the indirect effect of societal-level well-being, through societal-level self-expression values, on individual entrepreneurship. Using 881,636 individual-level responses obtained from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) from 44 countries and supplementing with country-level data from the World Values Survey (WVS), our results from multilevel cross-cultural analyses demonstrate that societal-level well-being - hedonic and eudaimonic - are positively related to societal-level self-expression values, and that self-expression values mediate the relation between both types of well-being and likelihood of individuals engaging in entrepreneurship. Hence, hedonic and eudaimonic well-being are distal whereas self-expression values are more proximal influencers of individual entrepreneurship. We discuss theoretical and practical implications of our findings.
- ItemThe process of resource bricolage and organizational improvisation in information technology innovation: a case study of BDZX in China(2022) Hu, Haibo; Lu, Haitao; Huang, Tao; Wei, William; Mao, Chunbing; Thomson, Stanley BruceResearch has shown there is a connection between bricolage and improvization, but discussion about their dynamic relationship in fixed situations is limited. In the context of information technology (IT) innovation, three aspects of corporate strategic actions are analyzed in this article by the exploratory single case study of BDZX in China. The following results were found: (1) IT innovation has experienced a transformation from component to architectural innovation, triggering corporate strategic actions; (2) Resource bricolage in IT innovation process is divided into combined resources and resetting resources, and organizational improvization in IT innovation process is divided into integration capabilities and development capabilities; (3) In IT innovation, the impact of resource bricolage on companies is gradually increasing, while the impact of organizational improvization on companies is gradually decreasing.
- ItemOpen innovation knowledge management in transition to market economy: integrating dynamic capability and institutional theory(2020) Tran, Hien Thu; Santarelli, Enrico; Wei, WilliamThis study provides a theoretical framework and empirical evidence to argue that a knowledge management process under the open innovation paradigm brings a viable solution for firms, especially those in transition economies, to acquire valuable knowledge-based dynamic capabilities to respond to environmental changes and achieve desirable organizational performance. These knowledge-based capabilities in turn enable firms to enhance their economic performance in terms of productivity and profitability. Dynamic capabilities act as an intermediary that bridges firms’ open innovation efforts and their economic realization. Local institutional quality plays an important moderating role in this process. Micro-sized firms have not consistently obtained the expected economic benefits from their open innovation efforts, which require more policy attention. For empirical evidence, we consider a comprehensive range of measures for open innovation and dynamic capabilities. Our proposed hypotheses are tested in a set of seemingly unrelated equations by combining two datasets from the Vietnam SME survey and the Provincial Competitiveness Index survey. As a robustness check, we estimate the performance equation applying fixed-effect regression and one-year lag structure.
- ItemThe entrepreneurial quest for emancipation: trade-offs, practices, and outcomes in an Indigenous context(2022) Pergelova, Albena; Angulo-Ruiz, Fernando; Dana, Leo-PaulThis paper builds on theoretical developments that view entrepreneurship as emancipation, i.e., entrepreneurial activities as generators of change and pursuit of freedom from perceived constraints. Using a representative data set of 1095 SMEs owned by Indigenous entrepreneurs in Canada, the authors investigate how pursuit of this freedom affects (i) the way entrepreneurs enact several aspects of their ventures and (ii) the performance outcomes achieved. Findings reveal how the initial motivations of entrepreneurs (seeking change for the social collective of which they are a part versus seeking autonomy for themselves) lead to distinct business practices, which in turn impact differentially entrepreneurial outcomes.