Electrophysiological correlates of higher states of consciousness during sleep in long-term practitioners of the transcendental meditation program

Author
Mason, Lynne
Alexander, Charles
Travis, Fred
Marsh, G.
Orme Johnson, David
Gackenbach, Jayne
Mason, D.
Rainforth, Maxwell
Walton, Kenneth
Faculty Advisor
Date
1997
Keywords
consciousness states , meditation , sleep
Abstract (summary)
Standard ambulatory night sleep EEG of 11 long-term practitioners of transcendental meditation reporting higher states of consciousness during sleep (the experimental group) was compared with that of 9 short-term practitioners and 11 nonpractitioners (all Ss aged 21–50 yrs). EEG tracings during Stages 3 and 4 sleep show that experimental Ss had theta-alpha activity simultaneously with delta activity and decreased chin EMG during deep sleep compared with short-term controls. In the 1st 3 cycles, experimental Ss had significantly greater theta2 (6–8 Hz)-alpha1 (8–10 Hz) relative power during Stages 3 and 4 than did the combined control groups. There was a graded difference across groups during Stages 3 and 4 in theta2–alpha1 power. Experimental Ss also had increased REM density during REM periods relative to short-term controls.
Publication Information
Mason, L. I., Alexander, C. N., Travis, F. T., Marsh, G., Orme-Johnson, D. W., Gackenbach, J., & ... Walton, K. G. (1997). Electrophysiological correlates of higher states of consciousness during sleep in long-term practitioners of the transcendental meditation program. Sleep: Journal of Sleep Research & Sleep Medicine, 20(2), 102-110. Retrieved from http://www.journalsleep.org/
DOI
Notes
Item Type
Article
Language
English
Rights
All Rights Reserved