Browsing by Author "Carter, Lorraine"
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- ItemEvaluating student and faculty satisfaction with a pedagogical framework(2010) Salyers, Vince; Carter, Lorraine; Barrett, Penelope; Williams, LyndaMost schools of nursing utilize technology to deliver courses, and entire curricula, through a combination of face to face (f2f), web-enhanced, and fully online strategies. Challenges associated with course delivery may include geographic and technological barriers, lack of instructional design support, inconsistent, inadequate or unreliable support infrastructure, and varying degrees of faculty and student experiences with learning management systems. The purpose of this exploratory study was to evaluate student and faculty satisfaction with two courses structured using a pedagogical framework; identify advantages and disadvantages of the courses; and identify instructional design recommendations for implementation of the framework. Based on results from the study, there is evidence to support use of the ICARE framework in structuring quality, satisfying courses from both student and faculty perspectives.
- ItemHighly relevant mentoring (HRM) as a faculty development model for web-based instruction(2012) Carter, Lorraine; Salyers, Vincent; Page, Aroha; Williams, Lynda; Albl, Liz; Hofsink, ClarenceThis paper describes a faculty development model called the highly relevant mentoring (HRM) model; the model includes a framework as well as some practical strategies for meeting the professional development needs of faculty who teach web-based courses. The paper further emphasizes the need for faculty and administrative buy-in for HRM and examines relevant theories that may be used to guide HRM in web-based teaching environments. Of note is that HRM was conceived by the instructional design staff who contributed to this paper before the concept of high impact mentoring appeared in the recent literature (2009). While the model is appropriate in various disciplines and professions, the examples and scenarios provided are drawn from a Canadian university’s experience of using HRM, in conjunction with a pedagogical approach called ICARE, in a variety of nursing courses and programs.
- ItemMeaningful e-learning (MEL)(2012) Carter, Lorraine; Salyers, Vince; Barrett, Penny; Myers, Sue; Mitchell, Maureen; Matus, Theresa; Veinotte, AmandaMost universities now utilize educational technologies and elearning strategies to ensure consistency in course delivery and, in some instances, reduce face-to-face (f2f) contact hours for students. Challenges associated with e-learning include geographic and technological barriers, lack of instructional design support, inconsistent, inadequate or unreliable infrastructure support, as well as varying degrees of faculty and student experience with e-learning environments. The main issue that has driven commencement of the MEL Project relates to strong and repeated anecdotal and research evidence that students and academic staff lack sufficient knowledge, skills, and/or time to enable them to integrate elearning strategies in meaningful and sustainable ways into their teaching and learning activities.
- ItemQualitative insights from a Canadian multiinstitutional research study: in search of meaningful e-learning(2014) Carter, Lorraine; Salyers, Vince; Myers, Sue; Hipfner, Carol; Hoffart, Caroline; MacLean, Christa; White, Kathy; Matus, Theresa; Forssman, Vivian; Barrett, PenelopeThis paper reports the qualitative findings of a mixed methods research study conducted at three Canadian post-secondary institutions. Called the Meaningful E-learning or MEL project, the study was an exploration of the teaching and learning experiences of faculty and students as well as their perceptions of the benefits and challenges of e-learning. Importantly, e-learning was conceptualized as the integration of pedagogy, instructional technology, and the Internet into teaching and learning environments. Based on this definition, participants reflected on e-learning in relation to one or more of the following contexts: face-to-face (f2f) classrooms in which instructional technologies (e.g. learning management systems, video and webconferencing, mobile devices, etc.) are used; blended or web-enhanced learning environments; and fully online learning environments. Data collected for the study included survey data (n=1377 for students, n=187 for faculty); narrative comments (n=269 for students, n=74 for faculty); and focus groups (n=16 for students, n=33 for faculty). The latter two sets of data comprise the basis of this paper. Four major themes emerged based on the responses of students and faculty. Represented by the acronym HIDI, the themes include human connection (H), IT support (I), design (D), and institutional infrastructure (I). These themes and sub-themes are presented in the paper as well as recommendations for educators and administrators who aspire to make e-learning a pedagogically meaningful experience for both learners and their teachers.
- ItemStudent and faculty satisfaction with a pedagogical framework: research findings based on the ICARE model(2010) Salyers, Vince; Carter, Lorraine; Barrett, PenelopePurpose of study: to determine faculty and student satisfaction with the ICARE format implemented within the School of Nursing, and to determine the extent to which the ICARE format might support rich learning experiences that minimize the limitations posed by lack of accessibility, time constraints, and scheduling.
- ItemThe search for meaningful e-learning at Canadian universities: a multi-institutional research study(2014) Salyers, Vince; Carter, Lorraine; Carter, Alanna; Myers, Sue; Barrett, PenelopeWhile e-learning is now characterized by a past and trends within that past, there continues to be uncertainty about how e-learning is defined and conceptualized, whether or not we like e-learning, and whether or not it is as meaningful to us as face to face learning. The purpose of this study was to document the e-learning perceptions of students at three Canadian post-secondary institutions. Key components of e-learning courses including ease of navigation, course design, resource availability, and adequacy of e-learning supports and their impact on the student learning experience were also evaluated. Based on a survey of students (n = 1,377) as well as their participation in focus groups, the following are presented as important findings: the majority of students studying in e-learning courses at the three institutions represented in the study were women; ease of navigation, course design, and previous experience with e-learning consistently demonstrated a statistically significant predictive capacity for positive e-learning experiences; and students expressed less preference for e-learning instructional strategies than their faculty. Study findings hold implications for e-learning faculty, instructional designers, and administrators at institutions of higher education in Canada and elsewhere where e-learning is part of the institutional mandate. Additionally, further research into student perceptions of and experiences with e-learning is recommended.
- ItemThe use of scaffolding and interactive learning strategies in online courses for working nurses: implications for adult and online education(2014) Salyers, Vince; Carter, Lorraine; Cairns, Steve; Durrer, LukeThis paper reviews the foundational literature of contemporary e-learning, with a focus on scaffolding, instructional design, and engagement. These concepts are then considered in two limited case studies, each involving e-learning and adult learners—in particular, nurse-learners. The first case study describes the use of a scaffolding model called Introduction, Connect, Apply, Reflect, and Extend (ICARE) in e-learning for nursing education. The second is a reflection on the use of engagement strategies for the purposes of discourse and learning in a different online nursing context. Because nursing educators were among the early adopters of e-learning, they are important mentors to others who are adopting e-learning strategies at this time. Additionally, the paper is a crossroads publication: it reminds the reader of the imperative to review theory and emerging evidence related to e-learning and to bring key findings to the actual practice of e-learning in order to benefit the adult student. This commitment to theory and practice will enable the evolution of e-learning for all learners, including returning adult learners and working professionals.