Browsing by Author "Parker, Brian"
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- ItemA critical examination of high-fidelity human patient simulation within the context of nursing pedagogy(2009) Parker, Brian; Myrick, FlorenceThe use of high-fidelity human patient simulators (HPS) have been embraced by nursing education programs in the development of immersive clinical simulations despite the lack of research into a pedagogy or educational philosophy appropriate to guide this technology-based learning tool. In this article, we explore this approach to clinical teaching through a critical examination of the application of behaviorist and constructivist pedagogy to high-fidelity scenario-based simulation sessions. Practical guidelines for developing simulation-based learning sessions that reflect both philosophical paradigms are provided. Consideration is also given to societal trends such as the digital revolution and the incoming millennial generation who represent the aptitude of the modern nursing student to utilize high-fidelity realistic and immersive simulation. Depending on the desired goal of simulator utilization, the nurse educator may want to draw on constructivism or behaviorism or a blend of both educational philosophies to best meet the needs of the adult learner.
- ItemInterprofessional simulation learning with nursing and pharmacy students: a qualitative study(2014) Paul, Pauline; Olson, Joanne; Sadowski, Cheryl; Parker, Brian; Alook, AngeleThe purpose of this study, which occurred in a large Canadian university, was to seek perceptions of undergraduate nursing and pharmacy students on how interprofessional simulation learning (ISL) facilitates the development of disciplinary learning as well as interprofessional skills.
- ItemPerforming in the fishbowl: strategies to empower students in the simulated clinical setting(2015) Parker, Brian; Myrick, FlorenceOn a global level, many undergraduate nursing education programs have adopted high-fidelity human patient simulation (HPS) to enhance knowledge integration and clinical skills acquisition. Although the literature indicates that HPS has the potential to meet the modern students’ preference for immersive social construction of knowledge, many students face stress and anxiety when performing for others in the “fishbowl” of the traditional HPS-based clinical laboratory. The purpose of this presentation is to build upon the mid-range theory that evolved from the social-psychological processes occurring within HPS-based clinical scenarios and provide the audience with strategies to maximize the modern nursing student's knowledge acquisition when engaging with this technology-based teaching/learning modality.
- ItemRevealing the social context of technology In nursing education: simulation as a social endeavor(2013) Parker, Brian; Myrick, FlorenceStudy overview: grounded theory study exploring the social-psychological processes that occur within HPS-based clinical scenarios; mid-range theory titled: “Empowering Through Fading Support;” a process comprised of adaptive scaffolding and dynamic assessment that challenges students to realistically self-regulate and transform their frame of reference for nursing practice.
- ItemSimulation: transformative learning(2015) Parker, BrianThe proliferation of human patient simulators (HPS) in undergraduate nursing education raises questions about the application of well-informed pedagogical practices. Despite a growing body of research into this technology-based learning tool, there is insufficient evidence on which to base decisions on best practice to both structure simulation-based curriculum and facilitate HPS-based clinical scenarios that meet the learning needs of the modern adult learner.
- ItemTeaching on the fly: utilizing tablet computers as a mobile teaching/learning modality in undergraduate nursing education(2018) Parker, BrianLimited research has been conducted to gain insight into application of educational theory and practice guidelines when integrating tablet computers (Brown and McCrorie, 2015; Eichenlaub et al., 2011; Rubenstein and Schubert, 2017). The intent of this study was to examine the social-psychological process involved in using tablets in undergraduate nursing education. The substantive theory that is emerging from the findings will not only help form the groundwork for future research that will draw from both inductive and deductive methodologies, but also inform each participant’s knowledge base in the application of pedagogy when integrating mobile learning technologies into undergraduate nursing education. Student and faculty interactions that are facilitated through the use of these devices are in reality a social endeavor.
- Item“That wall was broken down”: building reciprocal learning partnerships through interprofessional simulation learning(2015) Parker, Brian; Olson, Joanne; Paul, Pauline; Jackman, Deirdre; Alook, Angele; Sadowski, Cheryl; Cox, Cheryl; MacLennan, StewartGlobally, healthcare education programs, including nursing, are increasingly utilizing simulation-based learning despite limited research to guide its pedagogical application. To date, the use of simulation in undergraduate healthcare education has predominately embraced a uni-professional approach, but with the evolution of the modern healthcare environment there is a need to move beyond discipline specific training and embrace interprofessional modes of practice. Interprofessional simulation learning (ISL) has shown limited the potential to build reciprocal learning partnerships and improve patient care. However the emerging body of literature on the application of ISL highlights the need to further increase our understanding in order to maximize the integration of ISL into undergraduate nursing curricula. The purpose of this presentation will be to present the study findings and engage the audience in a discussion of the themes that emerged. Through discussion we hope to increase educator awareness of this teaching/learning modality and its positive impact on role awareness and the interprofessional collaboration skills vital in the modern healthcare environment.
- ItemThe grounded theory method: deconstruction and reconstruction in a human patient simulation context(2011) Parker, Brian; Myrick, FlorenceCertain modes of qualitative inquiry, such as grounded theory, can serve to uncover the abstract processes and broad conceptual themes influencing the personal experiences of undergraduate nursing students encountering clinical scenarios utilizing human patient simulators (HPS). To date insufficient research has been conducted to uncover the basic social-psychological processes encountered by students as they engage in a HPS-based clinical scenario. The authors assert that HPS-based learning experiences are in reality social endeavors that lead to the creation of socially negotiated knowledge and meanings relevant to the adult learner. To understand how grounded theory is suited to deriving answers to these questions, an analysis of the theoretical and philosophical foundations of grounded theory is undertaken. This critical analysis concludes with a discussion of specific considerations to be reflected upon by researchers when applying the inductively derived method of grounded theory in uncovering the social processes that occur within HPS-based clinical scenarios.
- ItemThe pedagogical ebb and flow of human patient simulation: empowering through a process of fading support(2012) Parker, Brian; Myrick, FlorenceThe use of the high-fidelity human patient simulator (HPS)-based clinical scenario in undergraduate nursing education is a powerful learning tool, well suited to modern nursing students’ preference for immersive construction of knowledge through the provision of contextually rich reality-based practice and social discourse. The purpose of this study was to explore the social–psychological processes that occur within HPS-based clinical scenarios. Grounded theory method was used to study students and faculty sampled from a Western Canadian baccalaureate nursing program. The process of leveled coding generated a substantive theory that has the potential to enable educators to empower students through the use of fading support, a twofold process composed of adaptive scaffolding and dynamic assessment that challenges students to realistically self-regulate and transform their frame of reference for nursing practice, while limiting the threats that traditional HPS-based curriculum can impose.
- ItemTransformative learning as a context for human patient simulation(2010) Parker, Brian; Myrick, FlorenceNurse educators are charged with the responsibility of empowering novice nurses to become autonomous thinkers with the capacity to cope with the many challenges of modern day practice. Human patient simulation is a powerful technology-based educational tool ideally suited for the application of emancipatory pedagogies that aid in the transformation of individual meaning schemes. Transformative learning theory provides educators with the tools to empower students to challenge their preconceived beliefs, assumptions, and values and socialize them appropriately to thrive in modern day clinical practice. The purpose of this article is to critically analyze the role of clinical scenarios using human patient simulation to promote transformative learning events in undergraduate nursing education. The authors focus on the role of debriefing in the promotion of the critical reflection and social discourse that is integral to the learning process and the implementation of scenarios that provide students with disorientating dilemmas for perspective transformation.
- ItemUsing human patient simulators as a teaching/learning modality in undergraduate nursing education(2009) Parker, Brian; Myrick, FlorencePurpose: midrange theory to inform pedagogy re: simulation-based learning experiences. Objective: investigate the social-psychological process involved in using Human Patient Simulation (HPS) as a teaching/learning modality to educate undergraduate nursing students.