Browsing by Author "Enstroem, Rickard"
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ItemBook review: Small states in a global economy: crisis, cooperation and contributions(2015) Enstroem, RickardThis book is devoted to a bouquet of topics related to if, when, and how small states can play a role on the global arena and how they economically benefit from—or are impeded by—cooperations and linkages with other nations and international organizations. Although not signalled by the title, the scope of the analysis is limited primarily to Iceland and Latvia, typically by using the Scandinavian countries Denmark, Norway, and Sweden as a comparison group. ItemCan space syntax help us in understanding the intraurban office rent pattern? Accessibility and rents in downtown Stockholm(2008) Enstroem, Rickard; Netzell, OlofThe effect of accessibility upon rent is investigated for office properties located in Downtown Stockholm. Starting from the firm’s cost minimization problem, a translog hedonic model is derived. The results suggest the model has good predictive power in explaining the variation in the log of the rent. A negative rent gradient is obtained with a base approximately 90 m from the postulated focal point. It appears as if Space Syntax adds important information to the understanding of the intraurban office rent pattern. ItemCompetitive product positioning and pricing under brand loyalty(2016) Enstroem, Rickard; Ghosh, SubhadipWe analyze the pure strategy equilibrium in prices and the corresponding equilibrium product differentiation in a two-stage linear spatial competition duopoly model with quadratic transportation costs. Both firms have segments of brand loyal and non-brand loyal consumer segments, with the two firms primarily competing on the brand switching segment. A comparative statics analysis is undertaken, looking at the impact of a change in size, presence, and asymmetry of the brand loyal segments. ItemDeath to weak PowerPoint: strategies to create effective visual presentations(2014) Schmaltz, Rodney; Enstroem, RickardStrong PowerPoint presentations enhance student engagement and help students retain information (e.g., Susskind, 2005), while weak PowerPoint slides can lead to distraction, boredom, and impeded learning (Savoy et al., 2009). The authors of this paper became interested in improving their PowerPoint slides after observing several presentations that badly misused PowerPoint, and realizing that they made many of the same mistakes. ItemDeliberate institutional differentiation through graduate attributes: implementing professional skills at MacEwan School of Business(2017) Benson, Lyle; Enstroem, RickardThe purpose of this paper is to describe the creation and deliberate positioning of a new Bachelor of Commerce program at MacEwan School of Business, Canada, by formally integrating professional skills in the curriculum. Through institutional narratives and statistical measurements, the authors detail the process from the first broad conversation and the different phases of the institutional deliberations to a measurement of students' development of professional skills and self-confidence through the eyes of student peer coaches. ItemDeveloping a university-wide academic integrity E-learning tutorial: a Canadian case(2019) Benson, Lyle; Rodier, Kristin; Enstroem, Rickard; Bocatto, EvandroAcademic integrity has become a significant point of concern in the post-secondary landscape, and many institutions are now exploring ways on how to implement academic integrity training for students. This paper delineates the development of an Academic Integrity E-Learning (AIE-L) tutorial at MacEwan University, Canada. In its first incarnation, the AIE-L tutorial was intended as an education tool for students who had been found to violate the University’s Academic Integrity Policy. However, in a discourse of the academic integrity process, the University reimagined it from only emphasising the increased understanding and strengthened commitment of students found to have committed academic misconduct to a proactive focus with education for all students. The purpose of the present paper is three-fold: first, describe the development of the AIE-L tutorial as an experiential case study; second, improve the content of the AIE-L tutorial through students’ quantitative and qualitative feedback; third, calibrate the pre and post-test questions for content validity for a forthcoming large-scale measurement of the AIE-L tutorial effectiveness. ItemIndigenous collaboration for leadership development: a Canadian example(2019) Benson, Lyle; Enstroem, RickardThe purpose of this study is to describe how a Canadian provincial government department (Alberta Sport Council) collaborated with Indigenous communities, other government inter-agencies, corporate sponsors, and private business contractors in the creation, implementation , and measurement of the impact of an Indigenous youth leadership development program (also known as the Alberta's Future Leaders program or AFL). Based on the analysis of provincial government departments reports, input by government staff in previous reports, Indigenous youth leadership development program evaluations, reviews by the youth leadership development program creators and facilitators, and university research reports on the program, a collaborative consultative process emerged. The Dynamic Facilitating Process Model evolved to systematically describe the collaborative process that took place that recognized and promoted Indigenous consultation, consent, and involvement supporting Indigenous communities' priorities and protocols. The six phases in the Dynamic Facilitating Process that emerged are (1) Defining, (2) Designing, (3) Implementing, (4) Measuring, (5) Maintaining, and (6) Refining. Each of the phases in the model is clearly described with supporting collaborative examples with the different partners. Special attention was given to measure the impact of the youth leadership development program on Indigenous youth participants and to describe the impact of the youth leadership development program in Indigenous communities. This applied research and resulting model can serve as a guide for other governments and their inter-agencies, businesses, or other organizations that wish to engage in a positive collaborative process with Indigenous communities. ItemA juggler's manifesto: elevating creativity to stay productive amid uncertainty(2023) Enstroem, Rickard; Schmaltz, RodneyPurpose The Industry 4.0 environment is characterized by fast data, vertically and horizontally interconnected systems, and human–machine interfaces. In the middle stands the manager, whose sustained performance is critical to the organization's success. Business disturbances—such as supply chain disruptions during the pandemic—can quickly test the manager's resiliency. While creativity and flexibility are critical for success in these situations, these skills are often not promoted directly. This paper will discuss strategies for enhancing managers' creativity and resiliency and give suggestions for improving professional development training and post-secondary business education. Design/methodology/approach A synthesis of the literature in business and psychology provides a foundation for creating a conceptual model incorporating strategies to promote managerial creativity and resiliency. While the model focuses on managerial performance under adverse conditions, the tenets of the model also apply during times of relative stability. Findings Findings based on a synthesis of the literature on creativity in business and psychology provide the foundation for a conceptual model to identify potential elements in training and curriculum design to further managers' creativity and resiliency. This model recommends clear, actionable training and program-level curriculum design suggestions for improved managerial performance. Originality/value This paper identifies a conceptual model to enhance managerial creativity leading to increased resiliency through professional development programs and suggestions for educators in post-secondary business education. This model provides tools for managers to deal with adverse and rapidly changing conditions flexibly, promoting employee productivity and satisfaction. ItemA model for preventing academic misconduct: evidence from a large-scale intervention(2023) Benson, Lyle; Enstroem, RickardIt is well known that students intentionally and unintentionally commit academic misconduct, but how can universities prevent academic misconduct and foster a culture of academic integrity? Based on a literature synthesis, an actionable Model for Preventing Academic Misconduct is presented. The model’s basic premise is that students’ voluntary participation in individual courses or academic integrity modules will have far less impact on preventing academic misconduct than required faculty or university-wide programming in core courses. In validating the model, the steps taken by the School of Business at a Canadian university to prevent academic misconduct are examined. Two online tutorials were created and implemented as required modules in the School of Business introductory core courses. Actual academic misconduct incidents recorded by the University from 2016 to 2021, a three-year pre-intervention period and a two-year post-intervention period partly covering the COVID-19 outbreak, are used to gauge the model’s effectiveness in preventing academic misconduct. The findings are discussed through a Social Learning Theory lens: the high-level implementation gives rise to a culture of academic integrity propelled by the establishment of common knowledge. ItemOn joint effects of return policy coordination and retail competition(2020) Son, Joong Y.; Enstroem, RickardThis paper studies the effectiveness of a return policy as an incentive-aligned coordination mechanism in a decentralised supply chain for short life-cycle products. System performance with regards to profitability and product availability is assessed with a coordinated return policy between the vendor and two competing retailers. Building on the optimal return policy coordination model for short life-cycle products, this paper evaluates individual and joint effects of competition and coordination under the four different settings of competition with and without coordination, and no competition with and without coordination. Results indicate that joint effects are largely contingent on demand structures in the supply chain, whereas individually, return policy coordination displays greater effectiveness in improving fill rates at local retailers by maintaining high stocking levels and competition commands significant impact in improving the system profitability and service level by creating inventory pooling effects between competing retailers. ItemRethinking business models for 21st century higher education: a European perspective(2015) Lichy, Jessica; Enstroem, RickardThe late 20th century was an era of social, economic, technological, and political change, resulting in significant shifts in the perception of enlightenment, knowledge, and education. The impact of these changes have become quite apparent in higher education where there is now mounting pressure for faculty to deliver high quality education to an internationally mobile cohort and where institutions are striving to attract funding, researchers, research grants, top students, and teaching staff. To cope with the many challenges, new business models are needed. Introducing change, however, is fraught with many problems; in particular, institutional barriers among disciplines, management commitment, socio-economic factors, and cultural issues. In this paper, we take a look at and discuss three European higher education institutions currently undergoing transformation—a British, a Finnish, and a Russian—to draw attention to some of the inherent factors that higher education institutions face when they seek to implement new business models to manage the competitive environment for higher education. ItemThe significance of knowledge sharing platforms for open innovation success: a tale of two companies in the dairy industry(2019) Ben Arfi, Wissal; Enstroem, Rickard; Sahut, Jean Michel; Hikkerova, LubicaThe purpose of this paper is to contribute to the theoretical background on how organizational change (OC) enhances open innovation (OI) processes and enables a company to reach performance results through implementing knowledge sharing platforms (KSPs). The authors aim to better understand and investigate how the changes introduced by the implementation of KSPs impact the OC and facilitate the OI process. ItemThe Swedish property crisis in retrospect: a new look at appraisal bias(2005) Enstroem, RickardIn the early 1990s, Sweden suffered from a severe property crisis. This study aims to analyze the market for income properties in Sweden over a 20‐year period, 1980‐2000, taking a fresh look at describing the depth of the property crisis. The study specifically attempts to examine if appraisal bias was present when the state‐owned Nordbanken bank foreclosed on a large number of properties. ItemThe Swedish property index and its usefulness for research(2005) Enstroem, Rickard; Gustafsson, Christina; Söderberg, BoThis study presents the extensive dataset that has been created by the Swedish Property Index, SFI/IPD. The paper focuses on the general usefulness and availability of the SFI/IPD dataset for research purposes within property performance, management, operation and appraisal. Important dataset variables are discussed, possible research topics are outlined and some illustrative empirical analyses are presented. Furthermore, a brief review of property indices and related literature is presented. ItemA triangulated appraisal of how hybrid activities develop students’ negotiating self-confidence(2016) Enstroem, RickardHigher Education Institutions (HEI) today are facing a multitude of challenges such as capacity constraints, intensified international competition through MOOCs, and a student cohort that is more mobile than ever before. In response to these challenges, many HEIs have implemented either fully online courses or hybrid courses having both synchronous and asynchronous elements. With this study, we make a first attempt at gauging the respective impact of Online (OL) learning assignments and Face-to-Face (F2F) learning assignments on the development of students’ self perceived negotiating confidence, as acquired in an undergraduate business course. By doing this, we also continue the validation of the Self-Confidence Indicator scale, as presented in Benson and Enström (2013). ItemVinyl as fine wine: the role of expectation on the perception of music format(2022) Enstroem, Rickard; Schmaltz, RodneyWhile vinyl, compact discs, and even eight-track tapes were traditionally promoted to consumers as producing superior sound, the introduction of compressed digital music, such as mp3s, was markedly different. Initially, one of the primary selling features of digital music was convenience and portability rather than sound quality. Recently, vinyl music sales have experienced a substantial resurgence. Waveforms from vinyl represent recorded music more accurately than compressed digital formats and have the potential to produce better sound. Even so, most music listeners do not reliably listen to music on audiophile quality high-end equipment. For this reason, we believe one aspect of vinyl sales is the expectation that vinyl quality is superior. In this study, we sought to isolate the contribution of expectation to perceived sound quality. Participants were asked to listen to a selection of music on either vinyl or mp3. Some participants were told that they were listening to vinyl when the musical selection was an mp3, while others were told they were listening to an mp3 while actually listening to vinyl. A multivariate analysis through a Canonical Correlation Analysis established that expectation of music format quality drove post-listening evaluations. ItemA walk on the wild side: the impact of music on risk-taking likelihood(2017) Enstroem, Rickard; Schmaltz, RodneyFrom a marketing perspective, there has been substantial interest in on the role of risk perception on consumer behavior. Specific ‘problem music’ like rap and heavy metal has long been associated with delinquent behavior, including violence, drug use, and promiscuous sex. Although individuals’ risk preferences have been investigated across a range of decision-making situations, there has been little empirical work demonstrating the direct role music may have on the likelihood of engaging in risky activities. In the exploratory study reported here, we assessed the impact of listening to different styles of music while assessing risk-taking likelihood through a psychometric scale. Risk-taking likelihood was measured across ethical, financial, health and safety, recreational and social domains. Through the means of a canonical correlation analysis, the multivariate relationship between different music styles and individual risk-taking likelihood across the different domains is discussed. Our results indicate that listening to different types of music does influence risk-taking likelihood, though not in areas of health and safety. ItemWork placements and sandwich programmes: the case of MacEwan University’s supply chain co-op programme(2018) Enstroem, RickardExcerpt: Of the different approaches, co-operative education is probably the most resource demanding and complex to administer. To ensure that learning outcomes are met and experiential learning happens, it requires an integration and coordination of three parties: the institution, the employer and the student. Likewise, it poses a number of challenges with regards to building relationships with the industry and finding employers willing to take on and supervise co-op students, setting up a support infrastructure to monitor and guide students and finding appropriate ways of evaluating them. Even so, co-operative education has seen a revitalisation and has been taken up as a viable option by many business schools around the world. With this chapter, we take a closer look at co-operative education and illustrate the discussion by examining the co-op programme in Supply Chain Management at MacEwan University, Canada.